NATO is committed in the following operations :
Afghanistan is currently the Alliance’s most important operational commitment. Since January 2015, NATO’s contribution to the security of Afghanistan has relied on three pillars:
In the short term, the Resolute Support Mission. This mission (RSM) consists in training, support and assistance to the Afghan security forces (ASF). It was launched on January 1st, 2015. RSM replaced the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission, which was launched in 2001 and led by NATO since August 2003. Under the commandment of US general John Nicholson, RSM gathers 13,459 military personnel from 36 countries (27 Allies – only France and Canada do not have troops – and 12 partners). Following a regional and flexible pattern, the mission is articulated in four provincial commandments and a main HQ in the Afghan capital. When the security conditions will allow it, the mission will be adapted in order to re-center its mechanism on Kabul;
In the middle term, the multilateral funding of the Afghan Security Forces (ASF), via various trust funds created during the Chicago Summit in May 2012 ;
In the long-term, a strengthened and sustainable partnership “Endurable Partnership” between NATO and Afghanistan, which aims at consolidating the main operational gains while paving the way to a normalized partnership.
Today, about 4,300 soldiers operate in Kosovo within the Kosovo Force (KFOR).
Entering Kosovo for the first time in June 1999, KFOR troops maintained a sustainable presence on the whole territory to preserve peace. Following the declaration of independence of Kosovo in February 2008, NATO decided to sustain this presence on the basis of resolution 1244 of the United Nations Security Council. Ever since, it contributed to the constitution of a Kosovo Security Force, granted with light armament, in charge of security tasks that do not resort to the police.
After the 11 September 2001 attacks, NATO started taking measures to enlarge available options to tackle the threat of international terrorism. In October 2001, in the context of article 5, NATO launched the maritime surveillance operation “Active Endeavour” (OAE), focusing on detection and deterrence of terrorist activities in the Mediterranean Sea. Since April 2003, NATO systematically visits suspected ships.
Those cooperative visits are conducted with the agreement of the captain and the flag State and are consistent with international law. The Warsaw Summit in July 2016 enacted the transformation of Active Endeavour, unbinding it from the context of Article 5, to a maritime security operation, Sea Guardian.
Furthermore, on the 11th of February 2016, NATO defense ministers decided to give a positive answer to an initiative of Germany and Turkey, supported by Greece, which aims at involving the Alliance in the management of the migrant and refugee crisis in the Aegean Sea. Since that date, NATO therefore associates with the international effort to manage this crisis, by deploying Allied vessels in the zone, in close cooperation with Frontex, the EU’s agency responsible for borders control. France took part in those activities until July 2016.
Far beyond the borders of the Euro-Atlantic zone, the Alliance supports the African Union (AU) in its peace-keeping operations on the African continent.
Since June 2007, NATO supports the African Union mission to Somalia (AMISOM) by supplying air transportation to the peacekeeping troops of the AU. That support is extended every six month by a decision of the NATO Council. NATO also cooperates with the AU to definite areas where NATO could support the AU in regard to the African Standby Force (ASF).
Operation Ocean Shield, the anti-piracy operation in the waters off the horn of Africa that contributed to significantly decrease the threat in the region, was shut down on the 15th of December 2016.