- PUBLICATION OF THE RAMSES REPORT BY THE FRENCH INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
(IFRI - INSTITUT FRANÇAIS DES RELATIONS INTERNATIONALES)
SPEECH BY M. JEAN-PIERRE JOUYET,
MINISTER OF STATE RESPONSIBLE FOR EUROPEAN AFFAIRS
(Paris, 20 September 2007)
(…) This treaty won’t be without consequences for the EU’s role in the world. I’m thinking of the institutionalization of the Eurogroup which will allow the European Union to gain political advantage from the euro’s success. (à) I’m also thinking of the abolition of the pillar structure, while maintaining the ESDP as a specific policy.
It is in the new institutional framework that Europe, this is our second firm belief, is asserting its role as a global player. The European Union has reached a stage of maturity allowing it to become a global power, with a large range of instruments.
The first is the ESDP. It’s a success. Significant progress has been achieved since the Saint-Malo declaration and the EU has conducted 15 operations under the ESDP. The ESDP includes the structures progressively put into place since 1999, the military and civilian capabilities constituted on the basis of headline goals and the operations (15 conducted to date, including four military ones on all continents). Today, the challenge is to use the available instruments and conduct operations, which are becoming increasingly complex because of people’s expectations of the European Union. From the first operations conducted under the ESDP we have learned lessons allowing us to go further. As regards the operations, relations between the European Union and NATO have been good : two of the ESDP military operations were conducted with NATO assets, in Bosnia-Herzegovina and FYROM in the so-called "Berlin plus" framework. This shows there is no rivalry and that the two approaches are complementary. This is the firm belief of all the partners and those operating in the framework of this policy. Relying realistically, pragmatically on the one in order to strengthen the other is our objective defined by President Sarkozy, which presupposes a dialogue with our American partners. The alternative system to having recourse to NATO assets, i.e. having a "lead nation", has also proved beneficial : the same applies to Germany’s participation in the operations in the Congo in 2006 and we hope, regarding the crisis in Darfur and its extension into east Chad, to have the support of several European partners. This is what we are in the process of negotiating at the moment, of course under United Nations auspices. This system has also shown its limits, which is why we would like it strengthened. This will be one of the French presidency’s priorities. We shall have to go further by activating a permanent operational planning and control centre in Brussels. Clearly, this is an extremely important field where significant progress is required since it addresses a need, an expectation on the part of the general public in an increasingly complex and unstable world. It is now, and I welcome this, fully legitimate for the EU to operate and develop this European policy, once good coordination with NATO has been achieved (…)./.