The European Union, a strategic partner for NATO [fr]
NATO and the EU, with 22 members in common, have forged a strategic partnership and maintain a regular political dialogue on security issues.
NATO maintains a privileged relationship with the European Union, which is based on two pillars: on one hand the strategic partnership between the two organizations, set up on 16 December 2002 through the EU-NATO declaration on the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and on the other hand the so-called "Berlin +" agreement of 2003, which allows the Alliance to support EU military operations.
At the Wales summit on 4 and 5 September 2014 NATO recognized more explicitly and substantially the role of the Europe of defense and of the EU-NATO strategic partnership in all its dimensions: political dialogue between the two organizations but also complementarity of operations and initiatives (military capability development, cyber, maritime, interoperability, capacity building of third States in particular).
The Warsaw Summit in 2016 marked a new step in the EU / NATO partnership, notably through the signature of a joint declaration by NATO Secretary General J. Stoltenberg, President of the Council of the EU, D. Tusk, and President of the European Commission, JC Juncker.
The joint declaration calls for strengthening practical cooperation between the two organizations in seven areas (response to hybrid threats, operational cooperation, cyber defense, exercises, capacity building, research and industrial defense cooperation and building of partners’ defense capacity).
The meeting of the Foreign Ministers of December 2016 made it possible to endorse an implementation plan to this joint declaration. It contains 42 concrete proposals that are currently being implemented.